Ectomycorrhiza – Structure, Development and Functions

Ectomycorrhiza – Structure, Development and Functions

Introduction The Ectomycorrhiza or ectomycorrhizal root are characterized by the presence of three structural components: Almost all of the plants upon which ectomycorrhizas develop are woody perennials. Ectomycorrhizal associations are formed predominantly on the fine root tips of the host, … Read more

Orchid Mycorrhiza – Structure, Development, and Functi0n

Orchid Mycorrhiza – Structure, Development, and Functi0n

Orchid mycorrhiza is unique because they occur only within the family Orchidaceae, one of the largest families of flowering plants. Although they share some characteristics with other mycorrhizal types (e.g., root cells are colonized by fungi), they differ in that … Read more

Type of Fungicides-History, Effects 4 Plants

HISTORY OF FUNGICIDES There are different types of Fungicides that are agents or chemicals and are used to prevent or eradicate fungal infections from plants or seeds. Most fungicides have low to moderate toxicity. In 1802, lime sulfur was first used … Read more

Monotropoid Mycorrhizae Structure, Development and Function


Monotropoid mycorrhizae, in common with arbutoid mycorrhizas, share features typical of ectomycorrhizas and ectendomycorhizas. Monotropoid mycorrhizas have a mantle that is sometimes very thick, and a Hartig net confined to the epidermis (para epidermal). Although the plant species that form … Read more

Lichen | symbiotic organism | Composition, Types


Lichens are composite organisms that consist of a symbiotic relationship between a fungus and a photosynthetic partner, either a cyanobacterium or algae. The fungus provides structural support and protection for the photosynthetic partner, while the photosynthetic partner provides energy for … Read more