Soil pH Determination (Practical)
Soil hydrogen ion concentration may be a crucial soil indicator, and is outlined because the negative log of the cation activity. Since hydrogen ion concentration is index, the H-ion concentration in resolution will increase 10 times once its hydrogen ion concentration is lowered by one unit. The hydrogen ion concentration vary usually found in soils varies from three to nine. numerous classes of soil hydrogen ion concentration is also at random delineated as follows:
– powerfully acid (pH < five.0)
– Moderately to slightly acid (5.0-6.5)
– Neutral (6.5-7.5)
– Moderately basic (7.5-8.5), and
– powerfully basic (> eight.5)
The significance of hydrogen ion concentration lies in its influence on convenience of soil nutrients, solubility of hepatotoxic
nutrient parts within the soil, physical breakdown of root cells, and CEC in soils whose colloids
(clay/humus) area unit pH-dependent and biological activity. At high hydrogen ion concentration values, convenience of P, and most
micronutrients, except B and Mo, tends to decrease (see Box No. a pair of for a lot of details).
Acid soils area unit rare in semi-arid, dryland areas of the world; they have an inclination to occur in temperate and tropical areas wherever precipitation is substantial; conversely, soils of drier area unitas are typically basic, i.e., above pH 7.0, as a results of the presence of CaCO3, and can visibly foam (fizz) once 100% hydrochloric acid (HCl) is additional dropwise to the soil. Most soils within the WANA region have hydrogen ion concentration values of 8.0 – 8.5. carbonate soils with mineral have somewhat lower hydrogen ion concentration values, whereas those with excess sodium have values over eight.5 (sodic soils).
pH meter with combined conductor
Reference conductor, saturated KCl
Wash bottle, plastic
1 .Weigh fifty g dry soil (< 2-mm) into a 100-mL glass beaker.
2 .Add fifty cubic centimeter DI water employing a graduate or 50-mL meter flask.
3. combine well with a glass rod, and permit to face for half-hour.
4 .Stir suspension each ten minutes throughout this era.
5 .After one hour, stir the suspension.
6 .Calibrate the hydrogen ion concentration meter (see Box No. three for a lot of details).
7 .Put the combined conductor in suspension (about 3-cm deep). Take the reading when thirty
seconds with one decimal.
8 .Remove the combined conductor from the suspension, and rinse totally with DI water in
a. separate beaker, and punctiliously dry excess water with a tissue.
1 .Weigh 50 g air-dry soil (< 2-mm) into a 100-mL glass beaker.
2 .Add 50 mL DI water using a graduated cylinder or 50-mL volumetric flask.
- Mix well with a glass rod, and allow to stand for 30 minutes.
4 .Stir suspension every 10 minutes during this period.
5 .After 1 hour, stir the suspension.
6.Put a pH paper in the Suspension and alow them to dry and match with pH chart to measure the pH.
- Make sure that the combined electrode contains saturated KCl solution and some solid KCl.
- At ICARDA, pH is measured in a 1:1 (soil: water) suspension. For special purposes, pH can be
measured in a saturated soil paste, or in more dilute suspensions. In some laboratories, pH is
measured in a suspension of soil and 1 N KCl or 0.01 M CaCl2.
The pH measured in 0.01 M CaCl2 is about 0.5 unit lower than that measured in water (soil:
liquid ratio of 1:2).
For soil samples very high in organic matter, use a 1:2 or 1:5 (soil: water) ratio.
The main advantage of the measurement of soil pH in salt solution is the tendency to
eliminate interference from suspension effects and from variable salt contents, such as
Air-dry soils may be stored several months in closed containers without affecting the pH
Soil Organic Matter Determination (Practical)