Pigments In Plants – Chlorophyll, Carotenoids, and Xanthophylls

Pigments in plants

Pigments in Plants definition : Substances can absorb light of a specific wavelength and produce color. Importance:      Pigments in plants cell’ chloroplasts absorb the light and energize electrons, raising them to a higher energy level. It is the energy used … Read more

Determination of Moisture Content in Soil-Soil Analysis

Determination of Moisture Content in Soil-Soil Analysis

Determination of Moisture content in the soil, often referred to as soil analysis or soil moisture testing, is a process that quantifies the amount of water in the soil. This analysis is essential in understanding soil behavior and its suitability … Read more

Thallus Organisation in Algae with diagrams

Thallus Organisation in Algae

In this article, we will discuss the thallus organisation in algae. A wide range of thalli is found in algae, particularly in the vegetative plant body. These diverse forms exhibit a definite spectrum. On one end, there are simple plants … Read more

Cytoplasm – Structure and Functions

Cytoplasm - Structure and Functions

The semitransparent fluid is a part of the cell enclosed between the plasma membrane and is called cytoplasm. Therefore the Nucleus of the cell is termed a living substance, i.e., a living substance consists of all of the contents outside of the nucleus and is enveloped at intervals. The plasma membrane of a cell. It is … Read more

Cell Membrane – Definition, Function and Structure

Fig Cell Membrane Structure

Cell Membrane was discovered by Swiss botanists Carl Naegeli and C. Crammer in 1855. Introduction: The cell membrane is also called the plasma membrane, cytoplasmic or protoplasmic membrane. Cell The membrane is the second layer in plant cells below the … Read more