Harmful Aspects of Algae | Biology Teach

Harmful Aspects of Algae In This Article we discuss about the harmful aspects of algae like how algae affect different life forms and cause water pollution Usually the excessive growth of algae in a mass or in large area, specially in…

Classification of gymnosperms-Characters,Life cycle,Imp..

Gymnosperm Introduction:classification of gymnosperms The division spermatophyte (sperma=seed, phyton=plant) as the name suggest include all the seed bearing plants. It has been divided into two sub-divisions Gymnosperms Angiosperms. The sub-division Gymnosperms (gymnos=naked, sperma=seed) includes simpler and primitive plants of the division…

Fire as a Ecological Factor [Fire Ecology1]

Fire as a Ecological Factor Fire as a ecological factor brings sudden changes in the ecosystem.It destroy the ecosystem life and affect the whole ecosystem,like plants,animals etc.Fire Factor is related to the environmental factor which included in Autecology. Fire:Fire as a…

Type of Fungicides-HISTORY, Effects 4 Plants

Arbutoid mycorrhiza Development, Structure,and FunctionMonotropoid Mycorrhizae Structure, Development and FunctionOrchid Mycorrhizae Structure, Development, and FunctionArbutoid mycorrhiza Development, Structure,and Function HISTORY OF FUNGICIDES There are different type of Fungicides that are are agents or chemicals and are used to prevent or eradicate…

Mycorrhizal Roots Staining and study

In This Article we discuss about the:- Clearing and staining roots for examination of arbuscular mycorrhizas, ericoid mycorrhizas, orchid mycorrhizas, and dark septate endophytes: Mycorrhizal Roots Staining and study Mycorrhizal Roots should be cleaned of soil and are usually fixed in…

Chi-Square Test and Probability

where d represents deviation from expected ratio, e the expected ratio, and Σ is the sum. The smaller the chi-square value the more likely it is that deviation has occurred due to chance. TABLE 1. Chi-square analysis of F2 progenies of…

NUCLEOTIDE STRUCTURE AND NOMENCLATURE

Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) are assembled from nucleotides, which consist of three components: a nitrogenous base, a five-carbon sugar (pentose), and phosphate. Five-Carbon Sugar Nucleic acids (as well as nucleosides and nucleotides) are classified according to the pentose they contain. If the pentose…