Glycolysis: The 10 Step Process of Glucose Metabolism

Glycolysis The 10 Step Process of Glucose Metabolism

Glycolysis is a vital metabolic pathway present in nearly all living organisms that involves the breakdown of glucose to generate energy as ATP. This ancient evolutionarily conserved process forms the foundation for both aerobic and anaerobic respiration and serves as … Read more

Photorespiration – Process with Diagram

Photorespiration is a process of CO2 elimination and O2 absorption in the presenc of light which takes place simultaneously with the photosynthesis. As for the biochemical mechanism, this process differs substantially from photosynthesis as well as from respiration. Photorespiration is … Read more

Ethylene-Biosynthesis,Transport,Mechanism of action

Ethylene (H2C = CH2)—a gas that is formed in plant organs, being an inhibiting hormone and an auxin antagonist. It was found in plants and fungi and does not occur in bacteria, algae, and animals. It is considered the maturation … Read more

Abscisic acid-biosynthesis,biological significance

Is an inhibitor of growth with retardant action. It is present in all plant tissues. Abscisic acid is an antagonist of auxin, gibberellins and cytokinins. It accumulates in large quantities during autumn, in the period of transition to a state … Read more

Cytokinins-Biosynthesis,Transport, Mechanism of action

cytokinin biosynthesis.

Cytokinins Cytokinins are plant hormones that regulate various physiological processes in plants, including cell division, differentiation, and growth. They have a number of practical applications in agriculture, forestry, and horticulture. This group of hormones includes kinetin, benzyl amino purine, zeatin, … Read more


Gibberellins are named after the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi, which they have been identified for the first time (1926). From the chemical point of view, they are tetracycle diterpenoids. The symbol used for gibberellin notation is GA, equipped with a numeric … Read more